Skin & Ingredients Glossary

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SKIN TERM

SKIN TERM

SKIN TERM

SKIN TERM

SKIN TERM

SKIN TERM

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

INGREDIENT

Scarring

This condition is the result of trauma to the skin resulting in irregular tissue formation and should be noted on the facial zone chart.

Sealant

Aids in binding moisture to the skin and prevents moisture loss.

Sebum

Grease-like secretion of the sebaceous gland. Contains fat and cellular debris.

Stratum Corneum

Outermost layer of dead cells in the epidermis which protects living tissue from external stimuli and forms a barrier to keep moisture in.

Suffocation

The skin’s inability to react through a positive exchange with the environment leading to discoloration, excessive dryness and comedone formation.

Sun Damage

Redness, flaking and pain are the indications of over-exposure to the sun’s damaging rays which can result in sunburn, a variety of skin eruptions, irregular pigmentation, premature aging and possibly skin cancer.

Sodium PCA

A high performance humectant due to its moisture-binding property.  Derived from amino acids, it holds and attracts moisture to the epidermis.

Sodium Hyaluronate

A strong humectant, holding 1800 times its weight in water. Because it is a large molecule, it does not penetrate deeply but its excellent water-binding ability gives suppleness and plasticity to the epidermis where dehydration occurs.

Squalane

One of key components of cementing lipids. Helps maintain the proper barrier function, skin flexibility and suppleness.

Sage Leaf Extract

Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties help heal and prevent acne lesions.  Astringent, it removes excess oil without drying the skin.

Salicylic Acid

A Beta Hydroxy Acid derived from the bark of willow tree.  Dissolves top layer of corneum cells and exfoliates within the cell to breakup follicular impactions, thus prevents future breakouts. Antiseptic.

Shea Butter

An emollient clinically proven for its exceptional healing properties on irritated skin, dermatitis, burns and blemishes.  Maintains moisture barrier, softens the skin and builds up the skin’s defenses.  Rich in Vitamins A, E and F, it stimulates cellular regeneration.

St. John’s Wort

Derived from an herbaceous perennial plant that has anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Heals chapped skin and irritation. Improves capillary circulation.

Soap Bark Extract

Credited with cleansing properties due to its saponin content.  It is also soothing to the skin and relieves itching.

Sunflower Oil

Contains a high content of gamma linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid that is naturally present in the skin lipids, giving it great affinity to the epidermis.  Helps protect and maintain the skin’s barrier naturally within the stratum corneum.  Prevents against trans-epidermal water loss (tewl).  Restores suppleness and flexibility.  Non-comedogenic.

Sandalwood

Bioactive complex that contains phospholipids and glycolipids that increases the repair process when the skin is damaged or compromised.  Repairs moisture barrier and increases hydration.  In vivo tests show significant reduction in TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss).

Sulfur 

The “healing mineral” is required for collagen synthesis and helps to restore dermal integrity.  Promotes circulation and decreases inflammation.  Has exfoliating properties, helping to shed dead skin cells which can clog pores.

Superoxide Dismutase

An enzyme that serves as an inhibitor of free radical production and a free radical scavenger.  In cells it constitutes a natural defense system against activated oxygen species.

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